As the name implies, a reverse proxy serves the opposite of a forward proxy: a forward proxy represents the client (or requesting host). A forward proxy can hide the identity of the client, and a reverse proxy can hide the identity of the server. Reverse proxies have several use cases, some of which are:
1. Load balancing: distribute the load to multiple Web servers.
2. Cache static content: By caching static content (such as images.
3. Compression: Compress and optimize content to speed up load times.